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PSYCH3 3rd Edition by Spencer A. Rathus - Test Bank

PSYCH3 3rd Edition by Spencer A. Rathus – Test Bank

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PSYCH3 3rd Edition by Spencer A. Rathus – Test Bank

Chapter 5: Learning

MULTIPLE CHOICE

1. According to behaviorists, __________ is any relatively permanent change in an organism’s behavior that occurs because of experience.

a.

extinction

c.

acquisition

b.

higher-order conditioning

d.

learning

ANS: D DIF: 1 REF: Learning, Experience, and Change

OBJ:1MSC:TYPE: Factual

2. Psychologists who believe that learning involves experiences that change the way organisms mentally represent the environment are

a.

behaviorist.

c.

Pavlovian psychologists.

b.

cognitive psychologists.

d.

observational psychologists.

ANS: B DIF: 1 REF: Learning, Experience, and Change

OBJ:1MSC:TYPE: Factual

3. Cognitive psychologists define learning as a ___________ change that may or may not be associated with a ___________ change.

a.

mental; behavioral

c.

positive; behavioral

b.

behavioral; mental

d.

behavioral; negative

ANS: A DIF: 2 REF: Learning, Experience, and Change

OBJ:1MSC:TYPE: Conceptual

4. As a young child, you could not read, but through many reinforcing experiences with your parents and teachers, you learned to read and still can. This is most consistent with which definition of learning?

a.

behaviorist

c.

complex

b.

cognitive

d.

instinctive

ANS: A DIF: 3 REF: Learning, Experience, and Change

OBJ:1MSC:TYPE: Applied

5. Jill has learned about all the negative effects of cigarette smoking but continues to smoke. This is most consistent with which definition of learning?

a.

behaviorist

c.

complex

b.

cognitive

d.

instinctive

ANS: B DIF: 3 REF: Learning, Experience, and Change

OBJ:1MSC:TYPE: Applied

6. The reason we are more likely to stop at a red light than at a green light is because

a.

the human eye is more sensitive to the color red than the color green.

b.

we learn that stopping at red lights is associated with avoiding accidents and tickets.

c.

we are born knowing that red means “stop” and green means “go.”

d.

none of these

ANS:BDIF:1

REF:Classical Conditioning: Learning What Is Linked to What

OBJ:2MSC:TYPE: Conceptual

7. A student’s preference for a grade of “A” rather than an “F” is most likely the result of

a.

classical conditioning.

c.

adaptation conditioning.

b.

operant conditioning.

d.

counterconditioning.

ANS:ADIF:2

REF:Classical Conditioning: Learning What Is Linked to What

OBJ:2MSC:TYPE: Applied

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