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Sensation And Perception 9th Ed.By Goldstein - Test Bank

Sensation And Perception 9th Ed.By Goldstein – Test Bank

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Sensation And Perception 9th Ed.By Goldstein – Test Bank

Test Bank—Chapter 5: Perceiving Objects and Scenes

MULTIPLE CHOICE

1. Computers are better than humans at perceiving objects because

a.

computers can process information faster than humans.

c.

computers can more easily determine the reasons for changes in lightness.

b.

computers have higher storage capacity than humans.

d.

none of these; humans are better than computers at object perception.

ANS: D REF: Perceiving Objects and Scenes MSC: Conceptual

2. The ___________ problem shows that numerous physical stimuli can create exactly the same image on the retina.

a.

correspondence

c.

occlusion

b.

inverse projection

d.

ambiguity

ANS:BREF:Stimulus on the Receptors is Ambiguous

MSC: Factual

3. Jimmy looks at a moderately blurred picture of Princess Diana’s face. Jimmy will most likely

a.

not be able to identify the face.

b.

identify the face as male rather than female.

c.

be able to correctly identify the face.

d.

need a computer to scan the image to correctly identify it.

ANS: C REF: Objects can be Hidden or Blurred MSC: Applied

4. “Viewpoint invariance” means

a.

children can only represent one perceptual viewpoint at a time.

b.

computers can invert images to easily perform object recognition.

c.

humans can easily recognize objects when seen from different viewpoints.

d.

monkeys can only recognize other monkey faces from a frontal view.

ANS: C REF: Objects Look Different from Different Viewpoints

MSC: Factual

5. Wundt: _________ :: Wertheimer: _____________.

a.

structuralism; Gestalt psychology

c.

functionalism; structuralism

b.

Gestalt psychology; structuralism

d.

psychophysics; metaphysics

ANS:AREF:Gestalt Approach to Perceptual Grouping

MSC: Conceptual

6. Structuralists would be most likely to endorse which of the following statements?

a.

Sensations and perceptions are the same “unit” of thought.

b.

The whole of something is greater than its parts.

c.

Perceptions can be explained by the sensations that make them up.

d.

Past experience plays little or no role in perception formation.

ANS:CREF:Gestalt Approach to Perceptual Grouping

MSC: Applied

7. The demonstration of apparent movement provides support for the Gestalt approach because

a.

the phenomenon cannot be explained by sensations alone.

b.

the phenomenon relies exclusively on the perceiver’s past experience.

c.

the images used do not follow the principle of common region.

d.

the phenomenon relied on figure/ground segregation.

ANS: A REF: Apparent Movement MSC: Conceptual

8. Gestalt psychologists used the example of illusory contours to support the claim that

a.

perceptions are formed by combining sensations.

b.

vision can be modeled on computer processing.

c.

the whole is different than the sum of its parts.

d.

experience determines perceptual interpretation.

ANS: C REF: Illusory Contours MSC: Conceptual

9. The Olympic symbol is an example of the Gestalt principle of

a.

proximity.

c.

common fate.

b.

Pragnanz.

d.

synchrony.

ANS: B REF: Pragnanz MSC: Applied

10. The principle of similarity can account for grouping of stimuli that are similar in

a.

orientation.

c.

size.

b.

shape.

d.

orientation, shape, and size.

ANS: D REF: Similarity MSC: Factual

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