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Professional Nursing Concepts & Challenges, 8th Edition By Beth Black

Test Bank For Professional Nursing Concepts & Challenges 8th Edition By Beth Black

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Professional Nursing Concepts & Challenges, 8th Edition By Beth Black

Chapter 05: Becoming a Professional Nurse: Defining Nursing and Socialization into Practice

Black: Professional Nursing: Concepts & Challenges, 8th Edition

MULTIPLE CHOICE

1. Which early nursing theorist recognized therapeutic milieu, assessment skills, and a unique body of knowledge in her definition of nursing?

a.

Dorothea Orem

b.

Virginia Henderson

c.

Hildegard Peplau

d.

Florence Nightingale

ANS: D

Feedback

A

Orem was known for her self-care theory.

B

Henderson was best known for her definition of nursing as assisting the sick to do those things that they would do for themselves if they were able and for her list of 14 patient problems.

C

Peplau is known for her theory of therapeutic nurse-patient relationships.

D

Nightingale was the first nurse to realize the importance of environment and assessment skills and that nursing care should be delivered by a professional nurse with a unique body of knowledge, not a layperson.

DIF: Cognitive Level: Knowledge REF: Page 89

2. Which early nursing theorist defined nursing in interpersonal terms by stating that nursing is a significant, therapeutic, and interpersonal process?

a.

Virginia Henderson

b.

Hildegard Peplau

c.

Martha Rogers

d.

Dorothea Orem

ANS: B

Feedback

A

Henderson’s definition of nursing did not focus on the interpersonal relationship.

B

Peplau defined nursing in interpersonal terms.

C

Rogers is known for including nursing process in her definition of nursing.

D

Orem is known for her theory on self-care.

DIF: Cognitive Level: Knowledge REF: Page 89

3. Which of the following is an example of Orem’s self-care theory?

a.

Assuring proper fresh air and ventilation

b.

Demonstrating good handwashing techniques

c.

Assisting a disoriented patient with a bath

d.

Performing a visual screening exam

ANS: C

Feedback

A

Proper ventilation was described by Nightingale.

B

Good handwashing was described by Nightingale.

C

Providing adequate patient hygiene is described in Orem’s theory of nursing as providing assistance to a person because of the person’s inabilities for self-care.

D

Preventive services are not addressed in Orem’s theory.

DIF: Cognitive Level: Application REF: Page 90

4. Which of the following is an example of Henderson’s definition of nursing?

a.

Performing a hearing screening in preschool children

b.

Interacting with depressed men to learn new strategies for reducing their symptoms

c.

Setting goals for weight loss with a patient

d.

Teaching a person with frequent constipation about high-fiber foods

ANS: D

Feedback

A

Henderson’s definition does not speak to preventive services.

B

Henderson’s definition does not focus on interpersonal relationship.

C

Goal setting is part of King’s definition of nursing, not Henderson’s.

D

Henderson’s definition states that “the unique function of the nurse is to assist the individual … in the performance of those activities contributing to health … that he would perform unaided if he had the necessary … knowledge.”

DIF: Cognitive Level: Analysis REF: Page 90

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