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The Moral of the Story An Introduction to Ethics 8th Edition - Test Bank

The Moral of the Story An Introduction to Ethics 8th Edition – Test Bank

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8th Edition
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The Moral of the Story An Introduction to Ethics 8th Edition By Nina Rosenstand – Test Bank

Chapter 05

Using Your Reason, Part 1: Utilitarianism

1. The principle of utility is the same as the greatest happiness principle.

TRUE

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2. Any theory concerned with the consequences of our actions is a utilitarian theory.

FALSE

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3. The amygdala is the pleasure center of the human brain.

FALSE

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4. For Bentham, moral goodness is the same as pleasure and moral evil is the same as pain.

TRUE

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5. Bentham’s interest in moral theory was primarily theoretical.

FALSE

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6. An instrumental value is something you value for its own sake.

FALSE

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7. One reason Bentham donated his body to science was to put a stop to body-snatching.

TRUE

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8. Bentham believes that pleasure is intrinsically valuable.

TRUE

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9. Pleasure cannot have both intrinsic and instrumental value at the same time.

FALSE

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10. All theories that focus on the consequences of actions are utilitarian.

FALSE

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11. Niccolò Machiavelli’s theory that if the end is to maintain political power for oneself, one’s king, or one’s political party, that will justify any means one might use for that purpose, such as force, surveillance, or even deceit is both a consequentialist as well as a utilitarian theory.

FALSE

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12. The hedonistic calculus is a method by which we calculate the utility of an action according to its ability to produce pleasure or prevent pain.

TRUE

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13. One of the arguments against the hedonistic calculus is that it promotes selfish interests.

FALSE

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14. One of the arguments against the hedonistic calculus is that it is biased in favor of our choice of values.

TRUE

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15. Descartes argued that animals can’t feel pain, because they have no mind.

TRUE

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16. Even though Descartes never owned a pet, he was sensitive to the suffering of animals.

FALSE

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17. Mill claims that utilitarianism fails because common experiences of humanity is not reliable.

FALSE

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18. For Bentham, the criterion for who belongs in the moral universe is who can suffer.

TRUE

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19. Utilitarianism is against any form of animal experiments because experiments cause suffering to animals.

FALSE

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20. Utilitarianism might allow for using human suffering as a means of entertainment if the happiness produced outweighs the suffering.

TRUE

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21. The legality and morality of torture depend greatly on the definition of the term.

TRUE

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22. J. S. Mill claims that it is better to be a satisfied pig than an unsatisfied human being.

FALSE

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23. The philosopher Epicurus was J. S. Mill’s godfather.

FALSE

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