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The World of Psychology 8th Canadian Edition By Samuel E. Wood – Test Bank

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The World of Psychology 8th Canadian Edition By Samuel E. Wood – Test Bank

Chapter 10 – Social Psychology

1) Social psychology is the area in psychology that focuses on

a. human growth and development across the lifespan.

b. the influence of other people on our emotions, thoughts, and behavior.

c. inner psychological conflicts which determine our personality.

d. the study of emotion and motivation.

Answer: b

Correct: Social psychology examines how the presence of others impacts on our thoughts, actions, and attitudes.

Diff: 1

Type: MC

Page Reference: 278

Topic: Conceptual

Objective: 10.1 Describe the primacy effect.

2) First impressions of others are more positive when one’s mood is

a. happy.

b. bored.

c. anxious.

d. depressed.

Answer: a

Correct: Generally, when we are in a positive mood, we are more likely to form first impressions of others that are also more positive than they might otherwise be.

Diff: 1

Type: MC

Page Reference: 278

Topic: Factual

Objective: 10.1 Describe the primacy effect.

3) Our overall impression or judgment of another person is influenced more by the first information we receive about the person than by information that comes later. This phenomenon is called the

a. person-perception effect.

b. naive-subject effect.

c. primacy effect.

d. first-person effect.

Answer: c

Correct: The primacy effect in impression formation states that our first impressions of individuals continue to influence other information we receive about the individual subsequent to our first encounter with them.

Diff: 2

Type: MC

Page Reference: 278

Topic: Factual

Objective: 10.1 Describe the primacy effect.

4) Which of the following is an accurate statement about the primacy effect?

a. The primacy effect continues to influence later impressions by becoming the framework through which other information is accepted or disregarded.

b. The primacy effect only affects initial impressions and has no bearing on later information that is gathered.

c. The primacy effect is a very small effect on impression formation.

d. Once the primacy effect exists, people become most interested in information that is inconsistent with this initial impression.

Answer: a

Correct: The primacy effect in impression formation states that our first impressions of individuals continue to influence other information we receive about the individual subsequent to our first encounter with them. We use our first ideas about an individual as the basis for accepting or disregarding additional information about them.

Diff: 3

Type: MC

Page Reference: 278

Topic: Factual

Objective: 10.1 Describe the primacy effect.

5) When you write an accurate letter of recommendation for a friend, which of the following would be most helpful?

a. Begin and end the letter with negative aspects and positives in the middle.

b. List the most positive aspects first and place any negatives farther down in the letter.

Correct: Because of the primacy effect, if we were to present an individual’s profile in a letter of recommendation, it would be best to start with positive information and add less flattering information later in the letter, as the first impression will impact subsequent information.

c. List any negatives first and then end with the most positive strengths.

d. The order in which positive and negative aspects are mentioned is not important.

Answer: b

Diff: 2

Type: MC

Page Reference: 278

Topic: Conceptual

Objective: 10.1 Describe the primacy effect.

6) The critical aspect of first impressions is that they

a. are permanent.

b. are less influential than we thought.

c. disappear quickly.

d. act as filters for later information.

Correct: We use our first impressions about an individual as the basis for accepting or disregarding additional information about them.

Answer: d

Diff: 2

Type: MC

Page Reference: 278

Topic: Factual

Objective: 10.1 Describe the primacy effect.

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